Merkt Market in
                the Birkbeck Block

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History of Freeland, Pa.

What's on this page:

  • Edward Gallagher and his barbershops
  • Edward Gallagher's Sons of Erin Award
  • Patrick Gallagher, mining inspector
  • Tigers Club - Tigers Baseball - Y Basketball Champs 1931-32
  • Gallagher-Brogan family reunions, 1935 and 1941
  • Andro Kasarda's saloon
  • MMI classroom, 1904 (with Peter Gallagher)
On related pages:

New from Charlie Gallagher:
Railroads that served the Freeland area. Please also visit the News & announcements page to see the list of recent updates to the site.

Mary Rosenkrans and Ed Bacon are sharing some interesting photos and information on several topics that all relate to their family in some way: their grandfather Edward Gallagher’s barbershops where he and his brother Peter worked together for decades; their great-uncle Patrick’s mining career in Nevada; the Gallagher-Brogan family reunions that were held in 1935 and 1941; the Tigers Club, the Tigers baseball team, the YMCA basketball team; Andro Kasarda’s saloon; and an early MMI classroom where their great-uncle Peter was a student in 1904. There’s a lot here that they are sharing with us! We begin with their main topic: Edward and Peter Gallagher and Edward’s barbershops.

In cases where I have more information about these photos, there are links provided to other pages on the site.

Edward Gallagher and his barbershops

Edward Gallagher Barbershop Edward Gallagher had 3 barbershops in his career: first at [old address numbering] 51 S. Centre Street [later renumbered 513], then at 354 Centre Street, and finally at 713 Main Street. His brother Peter was also a barber and worked with Edward for his entire career. Their brother Mickey also worked with them for a while.

Gallagher Family

Five Gallagher brothers Mary wrote that Edward’s and Peter’s father was Peter Gallagher (1834-1887), and their mother was Catherine “Kitty” (Burns) Gallagher (1852-1906). The father “came from Ardara, County Donegal, Ireland as did many of Freeland’s Irish immigrants. He worked, of course, as a coal miner.” They had eight sons, two of whom died in childhood. Three sons would become barbers: Edward Joseph (born 1879), Peter Joseph (born 1884?), and Michael “Mickey” (born 1872). Mickey later worked as a shoemaker; Edward and Peter were barbers together for nearly 50 years until both died in 1963. Mary doesn’t know how they got into the barber business, or who trained them.

Here are five of the eight Gallagher brothers: back row, L-R Edward and Peter; front row L-R Michael, Thomas, James (Shamus). Missing from the photo were Patrick, Frank and John. Mary thinks the photo was taken between 1900 and 1910. --- More info on this family on Gallagher's Barbershop page ---

Barbershop Beginnings

When Edward Gallagher received an honorary life membership in the Sons of Erin in 1954, the newspaper article said that he had been a barber for 61 years. That would mean that he began barbering around 1897. He is listed as a barber in the 1900 U.S. Census, but where was he working? In the Freeland directories that I’ve seen, he first shows up specifically listed in 1900-1901 as a barber on Centre Street, but with no address number given. His younger brother Peter was still in school in 1900, according to the census. Did Edward have his own shop at first, or did he apprentice or partner with another barber on Centre Street? Mary has seen him listed as a barber at 51 Centre Street around this time.

Edward’s Barbershop at 51 S. Centre Street [old address numbering]

1895 map detail There were side-by-side barbershops shown on the 1895 Sanborn map at 53A and 51A, (Address note: 51 was later renumbered 513 Centre) and the proprietor of the barbershop at 51 was listed in the 1897 directory as Joseph Fenstermacher; he was also listed as a barber on Centre Street in the 1900-1901 directory. Did Edward start out working with him there? Mary Rosenkrans thinks that Edward might have purchased Fenstermacher’s barbershop, because after Edward’s mother died in 1906 and around the time that he married in 1908, Edward was living at 51 S. Centre Street and operating a barbershop there. --- More info on this first location on Gallagher's Barbershop page ---

Edward’s Barbershop at 354 Centre Street

1905 map detail 1912 map detail After working at 51 Centre Street for some years, Edward moved to a new location, in a building newly constructed sometime between 1905 and 1912. The 1905 Sanborn Fire Insurance map showed an empty lot at that address, while the 1912 map showed a barbershop there.

The 1921-22 and 1928-29 Freeland directories list Edward Gallagher’s barbershop at 354 Centre, and Edward and Peter Gallagher as barbers. --- More info on this location on Gallagher's Barbershop page ---

Move to 713 Main Street

713 Main Street Mary wrote: “Sometime between 1920 and 1930, the barbershop was moved to 713 Main Street, Freeland. My grandfather who was known as ‘Eddie the Barber’ and his brother Peter ran the shop until the early 1960s. He passed away in February 1963, followed by Peter in December 1963.” She was later able to pinpoint the move to Main Street to 1930.

Ed and Pete Gallagher Here are Edward and Peter Gallagher, Sons of Erin, in the barbershop on Main Street in April 1961. I mentioned Edward Gallagher’s barbershop to Ed Merrick, as Merrick’s grocery store was across the street from 354 Centre. Ed replied: “I don’t remember the Gallagher barbershop on Centre Street, but the Gallaghers did relocate their barbershop in later years to the building west of the Remak residence at 709-711 Main Street. Ed and Pete were the owners and operators, and my father, brother, and I used their services for years. They had a tag team of sorts and often handed off in the middle of a haircut, about which [my brother] Tom and I used to laugh later.”

Charlie Gallagher (from a different Gallagher family) commented: “Well, 713 Main was later Joe Rish’s Barbershop. It is now a residence. That was next to Remak’s and was damaged during the fire. Something tells me that ABC Television or ABC Electric may have been at 713 before it became Joe Rish’s barbershop, but I’m not 100% sure.”

Here are some photos of the barbers and the three barbershops:

Earliest photos, ca. 1910-1914 – possibly at the first barbershop at 51 S. Centre (later renumbered as or near 513 Centre)

Edward Gallagher's barbershopThe barber at left is unidentified, and at right is Edward. They’re wearing professional white jackets; notice the customers reflected in the mirror.

Edward Gallagher's barbershopUnidentified man on left, Edward Gallagher in center, and his brother Mickey Gallagher on right. Mickey later left barbering and worked as a shoemaker. Notice the barbers’ white jackets, and the wall shelving for shaving mugs. Mary says that the large wall furnishing that holds the long mirror and cabinets as well as the shaving mug shelving were moved from shop to shop and were in all 3 barbershops.

Edward Gallagher's barbershop Another early view, with Mickey and Edward working on two customers, and it looks like a third barber is at work off camera at far right, reflected in the mirror – his reflection looks like the unidentified barber in the first of these 1910-1914 photos. Mary and I both think that the customer at left resembles the man standing at left (not a barber) in the previous photo.

--- More photos of the counter and bottles on Gallagher's Barbershop page ---

Around 1915 – at the second barbershop at 354 Centre Street

Edward Gallagher's barbershop Edward Gallagher's barbershop Edward Gallagher's barbershop

This is the front of Edward’s second barbershop at 354 Centre Street. We see his brother Peter Gallagher at left, an unidentified barber who worked with them at center, and Edward Gallagher at right. There’s a young child visible in the doorway. Also shown are enlarged details of the shop windows. Notice the traditional striped barber’s poles flanking the doorway.

Andro Kasarda's saloon Andro Kasarda’s saloon was just across the street, and here are Peter Gallagher (left) and the unidentified third barber (right), and that might be Andro Kasarda at center standing in the doorway. Because the two barbers in this and the previous photo look to be about the same age in both, and because there’s a 1915 poster in the saloon window, we are dating these photos around 1915. There's more about this photo on a new (in process) Saloons page.

Around 1915-1917 – at 354 Centre Street

Edward Gallagher's barbershop Edward Gallagher's barbershop Peter Gallagher at left and the unidentified barber at right. If you recognize him from family photos, please let me know!

Edward Gallagher Barbershop Barbers and customers. The three standing barbers, left to right: Edward and Peter Gallagher and the unidentified third barber. Notice that they are no longer wearing white jackets.

Around 1920 – at 354 Centre Street

Edward Gallagher's barbershop Edward Gallagher's barbershop Edward Gallagher's barbershop Edward Gallagher's barbershop

Here Peter and Edward Gallagher are older and are shown with Edward’s children (left to right): Edward, Marie, Eleanore. Enlarged details show the razor strap, decorative woodwork plus tiger painting, and chairs, sink and shaving mug shelves.

April 1961 – at the third barbershop at 713 Main Street

Ed and Pete Gallagher Forty years later, here are Edward (left) and Peter at the barbershop at 713 Main Street in April 1961. They are dressed in their Sons of Erin uniforms, and the wooden wall furnishing that contains mirror and counter is still with them after all those years.

Memories of My Grandfather, by Mary Rosenkrans
Memories of My Grandfather Edward J. Gallagher, a short writing by Mary Rosenkrans. Mary also sent this sweet reminiscence of the few years when she and her family lived with Edward and Peter.

Edward Gallagher Receives Sons of Erin Award

Sons of Erin Award 1954 March 17, 1954 - Freeland Sons of Erin Present Membership: “Edward Gallagher (extreme right) received the 1954 honorary life membership in the Freeland Sons of Erin during that organization’s banquet last night. Presenting him the membership is John Dennion, chairman for last night’s arrangements. Extreme left is James Crowley, principal speaker, and Atty. Martin O’Donnell, toastmaster (second from left).”

Sons of Erin Award 1954 Sons of Erin Award 1954 March 15, 1954 – To Receive Erin Certificate: “… The certificate will be presented by Erin president, Vincent Maloney in recognition of Gallagher’s many contributions to the Irish organization and to the community over the years.”

Patrick Gallagher, Mining Inspector

Patrick Gallagher Patrick Gallagher Patrick Gallagher

Short biography of Patrick J. Gallagher, in Nevada: A Narrative of the Conquest of a Frontier Land (vol. 3, 1935)

PDF logo Patrick J. Gallagher biographical description - (PDF file size = 2.4 MB)

Patrick Gallagher Patrick Gallagher Patrick was not shown in the photo of five Gallagher brothers earlier on this page. Now we know why! According to the brief biography shown here, Patrick struck out for the West around age 22 in summer 1898. He first worked in harvest fields and then at a cattle ranch owned by his uncle, Frank Gallagher! He then worked in several mines, attended business college, and after several more years’ mining experience he served as president of the Western Federation of Miners, then two years as a justice of the peace, four years as a notary public, president of the Round Mountain Athletic Club, and district mining recorder. He was later in real estate and insurance, did some prospecting, and was appointed deputy United States marshal for Southern Nevada. The caricature from the Reno newspaper labeled him as Deputy State Inspector of Mines.

The portrait and brief biography were sent to Mary from her cousin Joan Killian Gallagher, granddaughter of Thomas Francis Gallagher, and more photos came from Mary and her brother Ed.

Tigers Club – Tigers Baseball 1903 – Freeland Y Basketball 1931

Tigers Baseball team 1903 Tigers Baseball team photo caption

This photo of the 1903 Tigers baseball team was sent to me some years ago by Ed Bacon, who said that this photo had hung on the barbershop wall. Now Mary has sent a caption that identifies everyone in the photo, including Edward Gallagher. More info on the Baseball page.

1898 Tigers Club article 1898 Tigers Club article 1898 Tigers Club article
Here’s an article about the Tigers Athletic Club from the Freeland Tribune, December 26, 1898. This copy was sent by Mary Rosenkrans; an earlier copy came from Joan Buday.

Baseball group photo 1906
Another baseball photo – I don’t know the circumstances of this photo. The men are wearing shirts that look like they might be from several teams, and most of the players are in blackface. ??? The photo was taken the year of the Pearl Jubilee. Mary thinks her grandfather is seated on the far right.

YMCA champs 1931-32
Here is the Y.M.C.A. basketball team of 1931-1932. The basketball shows that they were N.E.PA. Champs that year. More info on the Basketball page.

Gallagher - Brogan Family Reunions in 1935 and 1941

This was a huge family reunion that brought members of these families together from several states in 1935. It got a lot of press in the local papers.

Gallagher-first-annual-reunion-1935 “Family in First Annual Reunion: Three hundred at Gathering of Gallaghers and Brogans at Evergreen Park,” from the Hazleton Plain Speaker, August 19, 1935

PDF logo Plans for the reunion, from The Plain Speaker - (PDF file size = 505 KB)

Plans for the Reunion.

Gallagher-first-annual-reunion-1935 Gallagher-first-annual-reunion-1935

PDF logo 1935 Gallagher - Brogan family reunion with some of the names provided - (PDF file size = 816 KB)

Photograph of the Gallagher-Brogan Reunion of 1935, and the same photo as a PDF with names of those who have been identified. Edward and Peter Gallagher are in this photo.

Article about 1941 Gallagher-Brogan family reunion The reunion in 1935 was so successful that another one was held in 1941. Here is Aubrey Powell’s reporting in one of the Hazleton papers’ “Freeland and North Side News.”

Kasarda Saloon

Andro Kasarda's saloon Edward Gallagher's barbershop Some years ago Ed Bacon sent me these two photos of the barbershop and the Kasarda saloon, writing: “I am the grandson of Edward J. Gallagher. He and his brother Peter were barbers first at 354 Centre St. and then 713 Main St. We lived on Main St with them until the mid-1960s. I have a number of photos that were on the Main St. shop walls.” One shows 5 men in front of Andro Kasarda’s saloon, right across the street from Edward Gallagher’s barbershop at 354 Centre Street, shown at right: Edward Gallagher is on the right, his brother Peter is on the left, and a third barber, name unknown, is in the center. Based on the poster in the saloon window (advertising the National Athletic Club, Monday evening, June 7, 1915), this photo was likely taken in 1915. So that puts the photo of the front of the barbershop also at around 1915, as two of the barbers are in both photos, looking very much the same in both. I’m assuming that the man standing in the doorway is Andro Kasarda; I don’t know who the other two men are.

There are four cropped details from this photo and more information at a new page in progress on Freeland saloons.

Peter Gallagher in his classroom at MMI

MMI classroom, 1904 MMI classroom, 1904 MMI classroom list, 1904

This is an MMI classroom, and that’s Mary’s and Ed’s great-uncle Peter in the back row, center seat. The note with the photo says it was taken in 1904, so that would have been at the newly built school below Carbon Street. The teacher is Professor Edmund. It’s hard to read the blackboards, but the left boards contain a mathematics lesson and some Greek text. The boards to the right in this photo show text headed “Lesson 47,” a map, and more text. I’m adding a closer look at the faces.

It looks like the students’ names on the list might be given in order, but if so we don’t know whether the list starts with the row nearest the blackboard or the row nearest the camera. Either way Peter is at the end of the middle group of six.

Many thanks to Mary Rosenkrans and Ed Bacon for sharing these fabulous photos and information!

Books on a shelf Newest updates to the site: Please visit the WHAT'S NEW! page for announcements and updates.

Gubi from St. Mary's
              Church Past Featured Photos: Here are links to three pages containing previously posted photos and information from the Featured Photos section of the home page: earliest postings, more recent ones, and the most recent ones. They are credited to the sources. Some of these have also been integrated into other parts of the site, while others are still waiting for that. Meanwhile, these past Featured Photos are always available via these links.

Merkt Market in
                the Birkbeck Block Note: Photo at top left of this page came from J. Zubach; identification from Gretchen Collins says that the business on the right in that photo was Merkt Confectionery, run by Charles and Lena Merkt. It was located in the Birkbeck Block on Centre and Main streets, and reputedly sold fabulous ice cream.

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Site contructed by C. Tancin, and last updated June 17, 2018.
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