A practical as well as theoretical introductory course aimed at increasing the students learning, problem solving, decision making and critical thinking skills. The course will begin by contrasting between intelligent and instinctive behaviors. It will then examine the roles that perception, learning, curiosity, problem solving, decision making, and language play in enabling humans and other animals to behave intelligently. Special attention will be paid to language in animals and to the nature of creativity. Finally, the course will examine the similarities in and differences between animals (including humans) and machine intelligence.