to Botai Discovery
Learn about geography,Botai
weaving, and ancient rituals. Play a game
and take a quiz!
1993, the Carnegie Museum of Natural History has been collaborating
with the University of North Kazakhstan and the North Kazakhstan
History Museum in the invastigation of the Botai culture.
Botai culture is located in northern Kazakhstan[insert
link to a map of Kazakhstan- possibly with zoom in capabilites].
Kazakhstan is located in central Asia, just west of China and
south of Russia.Kazakhstan is a relatively flat and dry country
and the land is made up of vast steppes (wide open spaces).
The temperature is very cold in the winter with harsh winds. The
Botai culture is known by three large sites. They are the settlement
of Botai, Krasnyi Yar, and Vasilkovka. The Botai culture is
termed Eneolithic (c. 3700-3100 BC). The site of Botai is located
on the Iman-Burluk River, a tributary of the Ishim, in Kokshetav
Botai site offers important clues about the domestication of
horses. Horse domestication has had enormous impacts on transport
and globalization throughout the world. Since there are great
numbers of wild horses in Northern Kazakhstan, local cultures
would be dependent on horses over other animals. The Botai
people may have rode horses for transport. They may be the
earliest known horse riders.Horses would have allowed the Botai
people to traverse vast distances.
Botai people used horses as their main source of food and drink
a mare's milk drink called koumiss.[link
to picture of woman milking cow] This may provide evidence
that the Botais were milking domesticated horses.
have found remains of Botain civilizations and villages that
are over 5500 years old.
Through their digging, they found horse bones which they can trace back to
have discovered horse burial sites that lend information on different
ritual practices at the Botai sites.
Botai people made their clothes from horse skin. [see
some modern Botai fashion here-link to our fashions]The
Botai people used the bones of horses and other animals to
make tools and artifacts.[link to artifacts
on virtual museum page]