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History:

American History:

Civil War and Reconstruction

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American History:
Civil War and Reconstruction:

Archives, Libraries, and Museums


There are too many archives and libraries with Civil War collections to list all here. Usually any state involved in the war has a state archives and/or a library or university library with a major Civil War collection. Reference librarians can help you identify those most meaningful for your research.

For additional resources, see American History: Archives, Libraries, and Museums.

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American History:
Civil War and Reconstruction:

Associations, Organizations, and Institutes


For additional resources, see American History: Associations, Organizations, and Institutes.
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American History:
Civil War and Reconstruction:

Audio Resources


For additional resources, see American History: Audio Resources.
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American History:
Civil War and Reconstruction:

Background


Sometimes you may need some information to get more familiar with your topic. Below are some materials that can provide background on the Civil War and Reconstruction periods. The resources listed at American History: Background may be helpful, also. If you need help finding background information, please ask at the Hunt Library reference desk.
  • Boatner, Mark M. The Civil War Dictionary. New York, N.Y.: McKay Books, 1988.
    HUNT REF-1 E468 .B7 1988

  • Brown, Thomas J. American Eras: Civil War and Reconstruction: 1850-1877. Detroit: Gale Research, c1997-.
    HUNT REF-1 E169.1 .A471979 1997 1850-1877

  • Burton, Orville V. "Sectional Conflict, Civil War, and Reconstruction." in Encyclopedia of American Social History, edited by Mary Kupiec Cayton, Elliott J. Gorn, and Peter W. Williams. 3 vols. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1993.
    HUNT REF-1 HN57 .E58 1993 v. 1

  • "Civil War." In War and American Popular Culture: A Historical Encyclopedia, edited by M. Paul Holsinger. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1999.
    HUNT REF-1 E181 .W26 1999

  • Civil War: A Film by Ken Burns (PBS)

  • Current, Richard N., ed. Encyclopedia of the Confederacy. 4 vols. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1993.
    HUNT REF-1 E487 .E55 1993

  • Faust, Patricia L. Historical Times Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Civil War. New York: Harper & Row, c1986.
    HUNT REF-1 E468 .H57 1986

  • Heidler, David S. and Jeanne T. Heidler, eds. Encyclopedia of the American Civil War: A Political, Social, and Military History. 5 vols. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, c2000.
    HUNT REF-1 E468 .H47 2000

  • Neely, Mark E. The Abraham Lincoln Encyclopedia. New York: McGraw-Hill, c1982.
    HUNT REF-1 E457 .N48

  • Shrader, Charles R., ed. Reference Guide to United States Military History, 1815-1865. New York: Facts on File, 1993.
    HUNT REF-1 E181 .R34 1991 VOL. 2

  • Vandiver, Frank E. "The Civil War," in Encyclopedia of the American Military: Studies of the History, Traditions, Policies, Institutions, and Roles of the Armed Forces in War and Peace, edited by John E. Jessup. 3 vols. New York: Scribner's, c1994.
    HUNT REF-1 UA23 .E56 1994 v. 2

  • Volo, James M. and Dorothy Denneen Volo. Encyclopedia of the Antebellum South. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2000.
    HUNT REF-1 F213 .V65 2000
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American History:
Civil War and Reconstruction:

Biographical Resources


See also American History: Biographical Resources
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American History:
Civil War and Reconstruction:

Books


Below are resources specifically for Civil War and Reconstruction. See American History: Books for essential resources on any aspect of American History. To search for books on the Civil War Period in library catalogs, it might be best to use these subject heading:
  • Confederate States of America
  • Unites States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
  • Sectionalism (United States)--History

Reference librarians can help you find appropriate terms for your topic.

If we don't have the books you need you can use EZ Borrow (books get here in about 3-5 days) or interlibrary loan using Illiad (books get here in about 7-10 days).

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American History:
Civil War and Reconstruction:

Discussion Lists

  • H-CivWar
    Discussion list dealing with the culture and history of the Civil War.

  • H-SAWH
    Discussion list for those with an interest in the history of women and gender in the U.S. South.

  • H-Slavery
    Promotes interaction and exchanges among scholars engaged in research on slavery, the slave trade, abolition, and emancipation. It is dedicated to the dissemination of information about the history of slavery and antislavery in all time periods and parts of the world.

  • H-South
    Discussion list dealing with the culture and history of the American South.
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American History:
Civil War and Reconstruction:

Internet Guides


See also American History: Internet Guides
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American History:
Civil War and Reconstruction:

Journal and Magazine Articles


Below are resources specifically for Civil War and Reconstruction. See American History: Journal and Magazine Articles for essential resources on any aspect of American History.

If full text links for journal articles are not provided, click on to see retrieval options. This is only for journal article citations, and may not be available in all databases. Otherwise, use Cameo and the Find e-journal list to see if materials available to you. If they aren't, you can use Illiad, the interlibrary loan service, to obtain the material.

If you need help finding journal articles on your topic, ask the reference staff at the Hunt Library reference desk.

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American History:
Civil War and Reconstruction:

Journals


Below are some major journals for research in the Civil War and Reconstruction Periods. To find journal articles on particular topics use the resources at American History: Civil War and Reconstruction: Journal and Magazine Articles or American History: Journal and Magazine Articles. If you need help locating particular journals, please ask at the Hunt reference desk. The journals listed at American History: Journals, may be of interest, too.
  • America's Civil War (Carnegie Mellon users only)
    Full text: v. 11, 1998-present.

  • Civil War History (Carnegie Mellon users only)
    Full text: v. 46, 2000-present.
    Civil War History (Carnegie Mellon users only)
    Full text: v. 35, 1989-present.
    Civil War History
    Print: v. 1, 1955-present.
    HUNT JOUR-3
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American History:
Civil War and Reconstruction:

Maps


See also American History: Maps
  • Civil War Maps (American Memory, Library of Congress)
    Search or browse reconnaissance, sketch, coastal, and theater-of-war maps which depict troop activities and fortifications during the Civil War.

  • Bosse, David C. Civil War Newspaper Maps: A Historical Atlas. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993.
    HUNT OVRSZQ-2 G1201 .S5 B6 1993

  • Frank, Andrew. The Routledge Historical Atlas of the American South. New York: Routledge, c1999.
    HUNT REF-1 G1281 .S5 F7 1999

  • Martis, Kenneth C. The Historical Atlas of the Congresses of the Confederate States of America, 1861-1865. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994.
    HUNT REF-1 ATLAS G1281 .F8 M3 1994

  • McPherson, James M. The Atlas of the Civil War. [New York]: Macmillan, c1994.
    HUNT OVRSZQ-2 G1201 .S5 A85 1994

  • U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey. Selected Civil War Maps, Reproduced from Originals Made by the U. S. Coast Survey, 1861-1865. [Washington, D.C.]: U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1962.
    HUNT REF-1 ATLAS 973.7 U58S
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American History:
Civil War and Reconstruction:

Newspapers


See also American History: Newspapers.
  • African American Newspapers: the 19th Century
    Full text: Accessible Archives (Carnegie Mellon users only)
    Major 19th century African-American newspapers published in the United States. An ongoing project, new text is added to the database each month. Newspapers included are:
    • Freedom's Journal (New York, NY) 1827-1829.
    • Colored American (Weekly Advocate) (New York, NY) 1837-1841.
    • North Star (Rochester, New York) 1847-1851.
    • National Era (Washington, D. C.) 1847-1960 (complete through 1853).
    • Provincial Freeman (Chatham, Canada West) 1854-1857.
    • Frederick Douglass Paper (Rochester, N. Y.) 1851-1859 (complete through 1852).
    • Christian Recorder (Philadelphia, Pa.) 1861-1902 (complete through April, 1862).

  • Brooklyn Daily Eagle
    Full text: 1841-1902

  • Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers (Library of Congress)
    Full text, exact dates vary by newspaper. Ongoing project to provide information about historic newspapers and to selectively digitize newspaper pages. Read About Chronicling America. Digitized newspapers can be searched or browsed. See All Available Newspapers. The site also has a Search Newpaper Directory feature, so you can see which newspapers were published in a particular place and time. You can use ILLiad to try and get newspapers not locally available.

  • HarpWeek (Carnegie Mellon users only)
    Full text: 1857-1912

  • Historical Newspapers: Chicago Tribune (Carnegie Mellon users only)
    1849-current minus 24 years.
    Search, browse, and display the full text of one of America’s leading newspapers. The Tribune has a reputation for investigative and public service journalism earning 24 Pulitzer Prizes since 1932. Additional content is added on a yearly basis.
    Search and display the full text of Harper's Weekly, America's leading 19th century illustrated newspaper.

  • Historical Newspapers: New York Times (Carnegie Mellon users only)
    Full text: 1851-(current-3 years)
    Search and display the full text of the New York Times.

  • Historical New York Times Project: Chapter 2: The Civil War Years, 1860-1866. (Universal Library, Carnegie Mellon University)
    Digital archive of the New York Times for selected years.

  • 19th Century Masterfile (Carnegie Mellon users only)
    ca. 1863-1906, Indexes only

  • 19th Century Newspapers (Carnegie Mellon users only)
    Full text: 19th century, though exact dates vary by newspaper

  • Pennsylvania Civil War Newspapers (Pennsylvania State University)
    Full text: ca. 1855-1870 (dates vary by newspaper)
    Search and display the full text of 17 Pennsylvania newspapers.

  • Times Digital Archive (1785-1985) (Carnegie Mellon users only)
    Full text: 1785-1985.
    Search and display the full text of the Times (London).

  • Valley of the Shadow: Newspapers
    Transcripts of selected newspapers to search or browse from the before the Civil War, the Civil War, and the after. These papers are part of the materials offered thourgh the Valley of the Shadow: Two Communities in the Civil War, an award winning project.
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American History:
Civil War and Reconstruction:

Pictorial Resources


See also American History: Pictorial Resources.
  • American Civil War Photo Gallery

  • Civil War: Images of the Civil War (PBS)

  • Civil War Treasures from the New York Historical Society (American Memory, Library of Congress)
    Search or browse recruiting posters for New York City regiments of volunteers; stereographic views documenting the mustering of soldiers and of popular support for the Union in New York City; photography showing the war's impact, both in the north and south; and drawings and writings by ordinary soldiers on both sides.

  • Geurnsey, Alfred Hudson and Henry M. Alden. Harper's Pictorial History of the Civil War. [New York]: Arno, [197-?] 2 vols.
    HUNT FOLIOS-2 E468.7 .G93 1970Z

  • Mathew Brady's World: Brady and the Civil War (National Portrait Gallery)

  • Selected Civil War Photographs (American Memory, Library of Congress)
    Search or browse 1,118 photographs, most made under the supervision of Mathew B. Brady.

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American History:
Civil War and Reconstruction:

Primary Sources


There are too many resources in Hunt Library to list here. To search for diaries from the Civil War in Cameo, type, as keywords, "united states" "personal narratives" "civil war" and click on Subject.

See also American History: Primary Sources.

  • Abraham Lincoln Papers (American Memory, Library of Congress)
    Search or browse incoming and outgoing correspondence and enclosures, drafts of speeches, and notes and printed material. An ongoing project.

  • The American Civil War: Letters and Diaries (Carnegie Mellon users only)
    Part of Social and Cultural History: Letters and Diaries Online (Carnegie Mellon users only)

  • American Periodicals Series Online (Carnegie Mellon users only)
    1740-1900

  • Chase, Salmon P. Inside Lincoln's Cabinet; The Civil War Diaries of Salmon P. Chase. Edited by David Donald. New York: Longmans, Green, 1954.
    REQUEST FROM OFFSITE via Cameo 973.71 C48I

  • eHistory: American Civil War : Letters and Diaries (The Ohio State University)

  • Grant, Ulysses S. The Papers of Ulysses S. Grant. 30 vols. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1967-2007.
    HUNT STACKS-2 E660 .G756 1967

  • Grant, Ulysses S. Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant. New York: AMS Press, [1972].
    HUNT STACKS-2 E672 .G76175

  • Johnson, Andrew. The Papers of Andrew Johnson. 9 vols. Edited by LeRoy P. Graf and Ralph W. Haskins. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1967-1991.
    HUNT STACKS-2 E415.6 .J65 1967

  • Lee, Robert E. Memoirs of Robert E. Lee; His Military and Personal History, Embracing a Large Amount of Information Hitherto Unpublished, by A. L. Long ... Together with Incidents Relating to His Private Life Subsequent to the War, Collected and ed. with the Assistance of Marcus J. Wright. New York: J. M. Stoddart & Company, 1886.
    HUNT STACKS-2 E467 .1.L4 L3

  • Lincoln, Abraham. The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. 9 vols. Roy P. Basler, ed. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers Univ. Press, 1953-55.
    HUNT STACKS-2 E457.91 1953B

  • North American Immigrant Letters, Diaries, and Oral Histories (Carnegie Mellon users only)
    1800-1950
    Includes 2,162 authors and approximately 100,000 pages of information, so providing a unique and personal view of what it meant to immigrate to America and Canada between 1800 and 1950. Composed of contemporaneous letters and diaries, oral histories, interviews, and other personal narratives

  • Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion: Journal Contents (1861 - 1865) (Making of America, Cornell University Library)
    Compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate navies published under the direction of the Secretary of Navy, The Honorable H.A. Herbert, Lieut. Commander Richard Bush, Superintendent of Naval War records, U.S. Navy, and Mr. Robert H. Woods in 1894.

  • Sabin Americana (Carnegie Mellon users only)
    1500-1926
    Search or browse full text works about the North, Central & South America, the Arctic & Antarctica and the West Indies, published not only in the United States but internationally. This resource offers original accounts of exploration, pioneering, settlement, the western movement, military actions, Native Americans, slavery and abolition. It also covers such topics as American women, cities and states, the Civil War, immigration and politics, etc.

  • Sheridan, Philip H. Personal Memoirs of P. H. Sheridan. 2 vols. New York: C. L. Webster & Company, 1888.
    HUNT DESK-4-NON 92 S5523S

  • Strong, George Templeton. Diary. edited by Allan Nevins and Milton Halsey Thomas. 4 vols. New York, Macmillan, 1952.
    HUNT STACKS-2 E415 .9.S86 A3

  • Ulysses Grant Memoirs (Richard Jensen, University of Illinois)

  • Valley of the Shadow: Two Communities: Two Communities in the American Civil War
    Maps, images, letters and diaries, church records, newspapers, population censuses, agricultural censuses, military records, etc. for two communities, one from the North and one from the South. The sources cover the period before, during, and after the Civil War.

  • War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies (Making of America, Cornell University Library)
    War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies (eHistory, the Ohio State University)
    Contains the formal reports, both Union and Confederate, of the first seizures of United States property in the Southern States, and of all military operations in the field, with the correspondence, orders, etc.

  • Welles, Gideon. Diary. Edited by Howard K. Beale. 3 vols. New York: W.W. Norton, [1960].
    HUNT STACKS-2 E468 .W444
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American History:
Civil War and Reconstruction:

Statistical Resources


See American History: Statistical Resources for essential resources covering all periods of American History.
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January 2011 -- http://www.andrew.cmu.edu/user/sc24/History/civilwar.html
Sue Collins, Senior Librarian, sc24@andrew.cmu.edu