Carnegie Mellon Libraries: History: African American History: Primary Sources

Carnegie Mellon University Libraries

History:

African American History:

Primary Sources

Below are some primary sources that can be found at Hunt Library, Carnegie Mellon; Hillman Library, the University of Pittsburgh; the Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh; and on the Web. Repositories of other primary sources can be found using the resources at History: Databases and Indexes: Archival Resources. If you need help finding primary sources, ask at the Hunt Library reference desk.


African American History:
Primary Sources:
Audio Materials


See also the resources in History: Audio Resources: General

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African American History:
Primary Sources:
Collections, Papers, and Diaries
  • African American Experience in Ohio 1850-1920 (Ohio Historical Society)
    Digitized collection of newspaper articles, photographs, serials, pamphlets, local government records, and manuscript materials which traces Ohio African American history from pre-Civil War abolition efforts through the Civil War and post-war reconstruction years to the political and religious activism of the early 20th century.

  • African American Women Writers of the 19th Century (Digital Schomburg, New York Public Digital Library Collections)

  • American Memory: Historical Collections for the National Digital Library (Library of Congress)
    • African American Odessey
      Showcasing items from the African American collections of the Library of Congress, this site includes books, government documents, manuscripts, maps, etc.
    • African American Mosaic: A Library of Congress Resource Guide for the Study of Black History and Culture
      A sampler of the kinds of materials and themes covered by the publication, The African-American Mosaic: A Library of Congress Resource Guide for the Study of Black History and Culture, and the Library's collections.
    • American Life Histories: Manuscripts from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936-1940
      Life histories compiled by the staff of the Folklore Project of the Federal Writers' Project for the U. S. Works Project Administration from 1936-1940, this collection includes 2,900 documents which can be searched by keyword or selected by state. Each history describes the subject's family education, income, occupation, political views, religion and mores, medical needs, diet and miscellaneous observations. Ancestry may also be noted. With keyword searching it's important to remember that historical terms, rather than modern terms are used. For finding material related to African Americans, the terms "negro" or "negress" proved successful, and some narratives were found using the term "mulatto." The Synonym List can help you with terms for searching, too.
    • African American Perspectives: Pamphlets from the Daniel A. P. Murray collection 1818-1907
      Originally collected by Daniel A. P. Murray for an Exhibit of Negro Authors at the 1900 Paris Exposition, these pamphlets, mostly published from 1875 to 1900, cover all aspects of the African American experience from biographies, racial pride and political activism, slave narratives, annual reports of charitable, educational, and political organizations, etc. Authors include Frederick Douglass, Booker T. Washington, Ida B. Wells-Barnett, Benjamin W. Arnett, Alexander Crummell, and Emanuel Love.
    • From Slavery to Freedom: The African-American Pamphlet Collection, 1824-1909
      Search or browse 397 pamphlets, published from 1824 through 1909, by African-American authors and others who wrote about slavery, African colonization, Emancipation, Reconstruction, etc. Included are personal accounts, public orations, organizational reports, legislative speeches, etc.
    • Slaves and the Courts: 1740-1860
      Search or browse over a hundred pamphlets and books (published between 1772 and 1889) concerning the difficult and troubling experiences of African and African-American slaves in the American colonies and the United States.

  • Black Abolitionist Papers. Edited by C. Peter Ripley and Jeffrey S. Rossbach. 5 vols. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1985-1992.
    HUNT STACKS-2 E449 .B624 1985 v. 1-5

  • Black Thought and Culture: African Americans from Colonial Times to the Present (Carnegie Mellon users only)
    Search and display the full text of approximately 100,000 pages of monographs, essays, articles, speeches, and interviews written by leaders within the black community from the earliest times to the present. Part of Social and Cultural History: Letters and Diaries Online.

  • Black Workers In The Era Of The Great Migration, 1916-1929. Edited by James R. Grossman. Frederick, MD: University Publications of America, 1985. Microfilm.
    HUNT MFILM-3 331.63 B627 no.1-25 and Guide
    The movement of southern blacks to northern industrial cities was called the Great Migration. Focusing on both migration and labor, this collection contains records relating to agricultural labor, industrial work, unionism, housing, race relations, returning veterans and their search for employment, and the process of migration from the South to the North. Record groups included are: National War Labor Board, U. S. Housing Corporation, National Mediation Board, U. S. Railroad Administration, U. S. Shipping Board, U. S. Coal Commission, Bureau of Agricultural Economics, U. S. Women's Bureau, Department of War and U. S. Conciliation Services. Only those materials which explicitly mention Black workers, however, are included. The guide describes the contents of each reel, and includes a detailed subject index so that relevant material can easily be identified.

  • Brown, Homer S. Papers, 1918-1977.
    UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, ARCHIVES SERVICE CENTER-AIS MANUSCRIPTS AIS 78:8
    Black lawyer, state legislator and judge prominent in Pennsylvania and Pittsburgh politics and government.

  • Centers of the Southern Struggle: FBI Files on Selma, Memphis, Montgomery, Albany, and St. Augustine. Edited by David J. Garrow. Frederick, MD: University Publications of America, c1988. Microfilm.
    UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, HILLMAN LIBRARY-MICROFORMS (2nd FLOOR) E 185.61

  • Crummell, Alexander. Works of Alexander Crummell. New York: Microfilmed from the Schomburg Collections of the New York Public Library, by 3M, International Microfilm Press, 1969. Microfilm.
    UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, HILLMAN LIBRARY-MICROFORMS (2nd FLOOR) E 97

  • "Dear Master": Letters of a Slave Family. Edited by Randall M. Miller. Ithaca, N. Y.: Cornell University Press, 1978.
    HUNT STACKS-2 E444 .D42

  • Detroit Urban League. Microfilm Edition of the Detroit Urban League Papers, 1916-1950, at the University of Michigan. Edited by William McNitt. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Michigan Historical Collections, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan, 1973. Microfilm.
    UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, HILLMAN LIBRARY-MICROFORMS (2nd FLOOR) F 82

  • Documenting the American South (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Libraries)
    A "collection of sources on Southern history, literature and culture from the colonial period through the first decades of the 20th century." Organized by project, for example:

  • Documents on Slavery (The Avalon Project at Yale Law School)
    Federal and state statutes, treaties, and other documents.

  • Douglass, Frederick. The Frederick Douglass Papers. Edited by John W. Blassingame. Series 1, 5 vols. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1979-1992.
    HUNT STACKS-2 E449 .D733 v. 1, 3-5

  • Douglass, Frederick. Frederick Douglass Papers (American Memory, Library of Congress)
    Search the papers by keyword, or browse by series.

  • Douglass, Frederick. Life and Writings of Frederick Douglass. Edited by Philip S. Foner. 5 vols. New York: International Publishers, 1950-1975.
    HUNT BIOG-BSMT E449 .D736 v. 1-5.

  • The Dred Scott Case (Washing University Libraries)
    Images and transcriptions of legal papers filed in the case of Dred Scott, along with a chronology.

  • DuBois, W. E. B. The Papers of W. E. B. Du Bois: 1803 (1877-1963) 1965. Sanford, N.C.: Microfilming Corp. of America, 1980. Microfilm.
    UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, HILLMAN LIBRARY-MICROFORMS (2nd FLOOR) E 68

  • The East St. Louis Race Riot of 1917. Edited by Elliott Rudwick. Frederick, MD: University Publications of America, 1985. Microfilm.
    UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, HILLMAN LIBRARY-MICROFORMS (2nd FLOOR) F 75

  • FBI File on the Black Panther Party, North Carolina. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1986. Microfilm.
    UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, HILLMAN LIBRARY-MICROFORMS (2nd FLOOR) E 79 1-2 and guide

  • FBI File on the National Negro Congress. Wilmington, Del.: Scholarly Resources, 1987. Microfilm.
    UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, HILLMAN LIBRARY-MICROFORMS (2nd FLOOR) E 81 reels 1-2

  • Federal Surveillance Of Afro-Americans, 1917-1925: The First World War, The Red Scare, And The Garvey Movement. Edited by Theodore Kornweibel, Jr. Frederick, Md.: University Publications of America, c1985. Microfilm.
    HUNT MFILM-3 305.896073 F293 no.1-25 and Guide
    From 1917 to 1925 the Justice Department, and its Bureau of Investigation (later named the Federal Bureau of Investigation), along with other agencies of the federal government, investigated Americans who were Socialists, Communists, opponents of World War I, militant labor unionists, ethnic or racial nationalists, and outspoken opponents of the government. This collection includes the surveillance files on African American individuals (e.g. Marcus Garvey, W. E. B. DuBois, Jack Johnson, A. Philip Randolph), groups (e.g. NAACP, UNIA) and periodicals (e. g. Messsenger, Crisis, Chicago Defender, Baltimore Afro-American). The guide describes the contents of each reel, and includes a detailed subject index so that relevant material can easily be identified.

  • Franklin Collection (Black Archives of Mid-America)
    Letters and photographs of Chester and Ada Franklin. Chester Arthur Franklin founded The Call newspaper in May 1919. Ada Crogman Franklin worked to bring African American dramatic talent to the stage and became nationally known for her production, Milestones of a Race.

  • Freedman's Bank Records [CD]
    HUNT MUS-OFC-4 973.0496 F8532
    "Freedman's Bank was created to assist newly freed slaves during and after the American Civil War. Records cover approximately 1864-71 and document names and relationships of those who used the bank. Although the records contain limited genealogical information, they are a valuable source of family history information for those with African-American ancestry. This compact disc contains approximately 480,000 names in pedigree-linked GEDCOM format"--Insert.

  • Freedmen's Bureau Online
    Transcribed marriage, labor, and murder and outrages documents from various states.

  • Garvey, Marcus. The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers. Edited by Robert A. Hill. 5 vols. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983-1990.
    HUNT STACKS-2 E185 .97.G3 M36 1983 v. 1-10.

  • Guide to Selective African-American Resources (PDF)
    A research guide which lists the relevant collections held at the Archives of Industrial Society, Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh.

  • Hill, Ruth Edmonds, ed. The Black Women Oral History Project: From the Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe College. 10 vols. Westport, CT: Meckler, 1991.
    HUNT STACKS-2 E185.86 .B545 1990
    Transcribed interviews with 61 African American women. The women interviewed represent a cross section of women of African descent born about fifteen years before and after 1900. Each volume has a name and subject index.

  • In Motion: The African-American Migration Experience (Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture)
    Texts, maps, images, etc. on 13 African-American migrations.

  • Irvis, K. Leroy. Papers, 1945-[ongoing].
    UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, ARCHIVES SERVICE CENTER, AIS MANUSCRIPTS AIS 71:6
    African American lawyer, civil rights leader, and Pennsylvania state legislator (Democrat) from Pittsburgh's 19th state legislative district. Biographical data, correspondence, memoranda, speeches, interviews, publications, legislative files, political files, subject files, photographs, and news clippings.

  • King, Martin Luther Jr. The Papers of Martin Luther King, Jr. Clayborne Carson, editor. 3 vols. Berkely: University of California Press, 1992-1997.
    HUNT STACKS-2 E185 .97.K5 A2 1992 v. 1-6.

  • Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project at Stanford University

  • The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers Project, A Research Project of the James S. Coleman African Studies Center
    Jacket text, introduction, and sample documents.

  • McKinney, Ernest Rice. Papers, 1929-1942.
    UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, ARCHIVES SERVICE CENTER, AIS MANUSCRIPTS AIS 63:4
    African American social worker and journalist. Bulk of papers from 1929-1935, 1942.

  • Myers, George A. George A. Myers Papers, 1890-1929. Ohio Historical Society, [1974]. Microfilm.
    UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, HILLMAN LIBRARY-MICROFORMS (2nd FLOOR) E 336

  • National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Pittsburgh Branch. Records, 1940-1966.
    UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, ARCHIVES SERVICE CENTER, AIS MANUSCRIPTS AIS 64:38
    Correspondence, reports of chapter to national headquarters; minutes of Executive Board meetings; reports of chapter's activities; chapter programs on segregation in labor and industry, employment, education, housing and public accommodations; membership campaigns, cards, and record boooks; financial statements, paid bills, and receipt books. Includes public relations information, and miscellaneous pamphlets.

  • New Deal Agencies and Black America in the 1930s. Edited by John B. Kirby. Frederick, MD: University Publications of America, c1983. Microfilm.
    UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, HILLMAN LIBRARY-MICROFORMS (2nd FLOOR) JK 9 reels 1-25

  • Papers of the NAACP. Edited by August Meier and Randolph Boehm. Frederick, Md.: University Publications of America, c1982. Microfilm.
    UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, HILLMAN LIBRARY-MICROFORMS (2nd FLOOR) E 63 Guide Z1361 N39G84 pt.1-11, pt.12A-D, pt.13A-C, pt.14, pt.15A pt.1-2
    Pt. 1. 1909-1950: Meetings of the board of directors, records of annual conferences, major speeches and special reports Pt. 1. Supplement.
    Pt. 2.1919-1939: Personal correspondence of selected NAACP officials.
    Pt. 3. The Campaign for Educational Equality: Legal Department and Central Office records, 1913-1950. Series A: 1913-1940; Series B: 1940-1950.
    Pt. 4. The Voting Rights Campaign, 1916-1950.
    Pt. 5. The Campaign Against Residential Desegregation, 1914-1955.
    Pt. 6. The Scottsboro Case, 1931-1950.
    Pt.7.The Anti-Lynching Campaign, 1912-1955. Series A: Anti-Lynching Investigative Files, 1912-1953; Series B: Anti-Lynching Legislative and Publicity Files, 1916-1955.
    Pt. 8. Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System, 1910-1955. Series A-B: Legal Department and Central Office Records, (A)1910-1939, (B)1940-1955.
    Pt. 9. Discrimination in the Files on Armed Forces' Affairs, 1918-1955. Series A: General Office Files on Armed Forces' Affairs, 1918-1955; Series B: Armed Forces' Legal Files, 1940-1950; Series C: The Veterans Affairs Committee, 1940-1950 (in 3v.).
    Pt. 10. Peonage, labor, and the New Deal, 1913-1939.
    Pt. 11. Special Subject Files, 1912-1939.
    Pt. 12. Selected Branch Files, 1913-1939. Series A: The South; Series B: The Northeast; Series C: The Midwest; Series D: The West.
    Pt. 13. NAACP and Labor, 1940-1955. Series A: Subject Files on Labor Conditions and Employment Discriomination{sic}, 1940-1955; Series B: Cooperation with Organized Labor, 1940-1955; Series C: Lagal{sic} Department Files on Labor, 1940-1955.
    Pt. 14. Race Relations in the International Arena, 1940-1955.
    Pt. 15. Segregation and Discrimination, Complaints and Responses, 1940-1955. Series A: Legal Department Files.

  • The Peonage Files of the U.S. Department Of Justice, 1901-1945. Edited by Pete Daniel. Frederick, Md.: University Publications of America, c1989. Microfilm.
    HUNT MFILM-3 306.363 P419 no.1-26 and Guide
    Though banned by the 13th Amendment, peonage, the practice of holding a person in servitude or partial slavery in order to pay off a debt, was still in existence in the early half of the twentieth century. Most of the victims of peonage were African American, though some were recent white immigrants. This collection contains court case files, correspondence between the Justice Department and such groups as the NAACP, Southern Tenant Farmers Union, Federal Council of Churches of Christ, Workers Defense League and the International Defense League. There are also the investigative reports of the Bureau of Investigation, which later became the Federal Bureau of Investigation. While the majority of this material covers the South, there is material relating to the West Virginia coal mining industry.

  • Randolph, A. Philip. The Papers of A. Philip Randolph. Edited by August Meier and John Bracey. Bethesda, Md.: University Publications of America, 1990. Microfilm.
    HUNT MFILM-3 305.896073 R19p no.1-35 and Guide
    Once called "the most dangerous black in America," A. Philip Randolph was a labor leader, civil rights advocate, black activist and Socialist. Included in collection are: Family Papers; General Correspondence, 1926-1979, including that with members of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, prominent American political figures, civil rights leaders and others; Subject File, 1901-1978, which covers a wide variety of topics including the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, Committee to End Jim Crow in the Armed Forces, Fair Employment Practices Committee, March on Washington Movement, White House Conferences, and the Youth March for Integrated Schools; Speeches and Writings File, 1941-1978; Biographical File, 1945-1979, which includes articles and biographies about Randolph by a variety of authors; Miscellany File, 1920-1979, which are scrapbooks, one on the early efforts to organize the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, and the other on the campaign for the Fair Employment Practices Committee. The guide describes the contents of each reel, and includes a detailed subject index so that relevant material can be easily identified.

  • Records of the National Association of Colored Women's Clubs,1895-1992. Edited by Lillian Serece Williams, and Randolph Boehm. Bethesda, MD: University Publications of America, c1993-1994. Microfilm.
    UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, HILLMAN LIBRARY-MICROFORMS (2nd FLOOR) E 340 26 reels & guide

  • Simonds, Robert J. Papers, 1963-1966.
    UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, ARCHIVES SERVICE CENTER, AIS MANUSCRIPTS AIS 69:4
    Correspondence, memorabilia, and miscellaneous material pertaining to civil rights and interracial programs in the Pittsburgh Area.

  • Slave Narratives, A Folk History Of Slavery In The United States From Interviews With Former Slaves. Typewritten records prepared by the Federal Writers' project, 1936-1938, assembled by the Library of Congress project, Work Projects Administration, for the District of Columbia. Sponsored by the Library of Congress. Washington, 1941. Microfilm.
    HUNT MFILM-3 326 F29s no.1-5

  • Slavery, Abolition, and Social Justice, 1490-2007 (Carnegie Mellon users only)
    1490-2007
    Search and browse the full text of original manuscripts, pamphlets, books, paintings, and maps. There is extensive coverage of topics such as the African Coast; the Middle Passage; the varieties of slave experience (urban, domestic, industrial, farm, ranch and plantation); Spiritualism and Religion; Resistance and Revolts; the Underground Railroad; the Abolition Movement; Legislation; Education; the Legacy of Slavery and Slavery Today. The database covers all geographic areas. You can search for relevant documents or browse the ones relating to North America.

  • United States. District Court (District of Columbia)Records of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia Relating to Slaves, 1851-63. [microform]. Washington: National Archives, National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1963. Microfilm.
    UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, LAW LIBRARY-MICROFORM NO CALL NUMBER

  • Urban League of Pittsburgh. Records, 1917-1968.
    UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, ARCHIVES SERVICE CENTER, AIS MANUSCRIPTS AIS 81:11
    Correspondence, minutes, and memoranda of the Executive Board and its various committees; files of Industrial Welfare Dept. and other departments concerned with health, recreation, home economics, education, and clubs; financial records; office files, including correspondence and reports of executive secretaries; general and subject files; correspondence with national, regional, and local social welfare agencies; correspondence, meeting programs, and publications of other local Urban Leagues as well as with National Urban League; reports, correspondence, and minutes, relating to employment, discrimination, and housing, with federal, state, and local government agencies; reports, studies, and theses; clippings; and photos.

  • Virginia Runaways (A Virginia Center for Digital History project, part of Virtual Jamestown)
    Browse or search transcribed runaway slave advertisements from Virginia newspapers, 1736 to 1790. Also on the site are court and official records, planters' letters, diaries and accounts, literature and travel accounts, a tour a reconstructed slave quarter, and other images.

  • Washington, Booker T. The Booker T. Washington Papers. Edited by Louis R. Harlan. 14 vols. Urbana, University of Illinois Press, 1972-1989.
    Print: HUNT STACKS-2 E185.97 .W274 v. 1-14
    Electronic full text: Booker T. Washington Papers (University of Illinois)

  • Xavier University of Louisiana. Library. The Heartman Manuscript Collection at Xavier University Library, New Orleans: Manuscripts on Slavery. London, England: World Microfilm Publications, c1986. Microfilm.
    UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, HILLMAN LIBRARY-MICROFORMS (2nd FLOOR) E 83 reels 1-7
    Reel 1. Collection 1. Documents from various states, 1751-1875. Collection II. Documents from Louisiana, 1765-1829. Collection III. Documents from Louisiana, 1830-37.
    Reel 2. Collection IV. Documents from Louisiana, 1838-49. Collection V. Documents from Louisiana, 1850-59.
    Reel 3. Collection VI. Documents from Louisiana, 1834-71. Collection VII. Documents from Louisiana, 1811-46.
    Reel 4. Collections VIII-IX. Documents from Louisiana, 1777-1876. Collection X. Police reports from Louisiana, 1821.
    Reel 5. Collection XI. 305 police reports from New Orleans, 1822. Collection XII. 330 police documents. Collection XIII. Police documents, New Orleans, 1828-Apr. 1830. Collection XIV Police documents, New Orleans, May 1830-Dec. 1831.
    Reel 6. Collection XV. Louisiana, 1814. Collection XVI. Louisiana, 1824. Collection XVII. Louisiana, 1837. Collection XVIII. Various reports from Spain, 1794-6, and New Orleans, 1809-37.
    Reel 7. Collection XIX. Various reports from New Orleans, 1823-1846. Collection XX. Records of the city of New Orleans, and U. S. Armed Services, 1828-1852.

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African American History:
Primary Sources:
Government Documents


Documents produced by the United States government can be a great source of information. Below are just a few examples of the types of government documents that are relevant to African American history. Some may also be included in the collections section above. To find more, use the databases and indexes listed at Databases and Indexes: Government Documents. If you need help locating government documents, ask for assistance at the Hunt Library reference desk.

  • Gropman, Alan L. Air Force Integrates, 1945-1964. Washington: Office of Air Force History, c1978.
    HUNT REF-1 GOVDOC D301.2:In8/2/945-64

  • United States. Bureau of Labor. Condition of the Negro in Various Cities. Bulletin. No.10, May, 1897, pp. 257-369. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1897.
    HUNT REF-1 GOVDOC L2.3:8-13.

  • United States. Congress. House. Committee on Un-American Activities. Activities of the Ku Klux Klan Organization in the United States. Hearings before the Committee on Un-American Activities, House of Representatives, 89th Congress, 1st-2nd sess. Oct. 19, 1965-Jan. 28, 1966.
    HUNT REF-GOVDOC Y4/UN 1/2:K95/pt1-5

  • United States. Commission on Civil Rights. Desegregating the Boston Public Schools: A Crisis in Civic Responsibility, a Report. Washington: U. S. Government Printing Office, 1975.
    HUNT REF-1 GOVDOC CR1.1: D45/2

  • United States. Commission on Civil Rights. Hearings Before the U. S. Commission on Civil Rights. Hearings held in ...
    HUNT REF-GOVDOC CR1.8 H35/9...
    Set of hearings held in different cities in different years.

  • United States. Women's Bureau. Negro Women in Industry. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1922.
    HUNT REF-1 GOV-DOC L13.3.20

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African American History:
Primary Sources:

Newspapers, Magazines, and Journals

    Newspapers and journals can be considered either primary or secondary sources, depending the way in which they are used. Ask your professor if you have questions about which they might be considered in the context of your paper. Below are African American newspapers and journals that are held locally. To find information about others see:

    • The Black Press: Soldiers Without Swords: Newspapers and Biographies

    • Bullock, P. L. The Negro Periodical Press in the United States, 1838-1909. [Ann Arbor, Mich.]: 1971.
      HUNT REF-1 E185.5 .B85 1971

    • Daniel, Walter C. Black Journals of the United States. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1982
      HUNT STACKS-2 PN4882.5 .D36 1982

    • Danky, James P., ed. African-American Newspapers and Periodicals: A National Bibliography. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1998.
      HUNT REF-1 Z6944 .N39 A37 1998

  • African American Newspapers: the 19th Century
    Available: Accessible Archives (Carnegie Mellon users only)
    The complete text of major 19th century African-American newspapers published in the United States. An ongoing project, new text is added to the database each month. Newspapers included are:
    • Freedom's Journal (New York, NY) 1827-1829.
    • Colored American (Weekly Advocate) (New York, NY) 1837-1841.
    • North Star (Rochester, New York) 1847-1851.
    • National Era (Washington, D. C.) 1847-1860.
    • Provincial Freeman (Chatham, Canada West) 1854-1857.
    • Frederick Douglass Paper (Rochester, N. Y.) 1851-1859 (complete through 1856).
    • Christian Recorder (Philadelphia, Pa.) 1861-1902 (complete through April, 1870).

  • The Brown American
    April, 1936-Fall 1945.
    HUNT BMST 305.896073 B877 v. 1-5
    Reprint of a periodical published in Philadelphia (1930-40) by the Research Institute of the Bureau of Negro Affairs, except Aug. 1938-June 1939, when publication was suspended); issued as the official organ of the National Association of Negroes in America June, 1941-1945; edited by J. A. Baker; and superseded by the Negro Statesman.

  • Crisis
    Microfilm: V 1. 1910-1976
    HUNT MFILM-3
    Microfiche: 1977- present
    HUNT MFICHE-3
    Print: Kept until microfiche arrives
    HUNT UNBDJOUR-3
    The official organ of the National Association of Colored People, originally founded and edited by W. E. B. DuBois.

  • Chicago Defender (Carnegie Mellon users only)
    1910-1975
    Search, browse, and display the full text of one of the leading and most influential newspapers of the African American community, with about two thirds of its readership outside the Windy City. With an estimated readership of about 500,000, the newspaper was a major voice in African American history. Read more about the Chicago Defender.

  • Ebony
    Microfilm: v. 1-40, 1945-1985
    HUNT MFILM-3
    Microfiche: 1985-present
    HUNT MFICHE-3
    Print: Kept one year
    HUNT UNBDJOUR-3
    Reported on everyday achievements of Blacks throughout the United States.

  • Freedomways
    Microfilm: v. 1-9, 1961-69
    HUNT MFILM-3
    Print: v. 10-25, 1970-1985
    HUNT BND-JOUR-3
    Forum for addressing all problems facing Blacks in America, as well encouraging unity among those of African descent worldwide, and exploring new economic, political and social systems.

  • Informer
    Print: v. v.13-21, 1940-1949.
    UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, ARHCHIVES SERVICE CENTER, AIS JOURNALS

  • Journal of Negro Education (Carnegie Mellon users only)
    Full text: v. 61, 1992-present.

    Journal of Negro Education (Carnegie Mellon users only)
    Full text: v. 1, 1932-ca. v. 70, 2001.

  • Journal of Negro History (Carnegie Mellon users only)
    Full text: v. 1, 1916-ca. 86, 2001.

  • Negro Newspapers on Microfilm. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service, 1947.
    UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, HILLMAN LIBRARY-MICROFORMS (2ND FLOOR)
    Microfilmed for the Committee on Negro Studies of the American Council of Learned Studies, this collection includes scattered issues of many different Negro newspaper titles, published from 1823 to 1928. All are shelved alphabetically by title.
    • Afro American Advance (Minneapolis, MN), 1899-1900.
    • Afro Independent (St. Paul, MN),1888.
    • Aliened American (Cleveland, OH), 1853.
    • American Eagle (St. Louis, MO), 1905.
    • American Negro (Springfield, MO), 1890.
    • Concordia Eagle (Vidalia, LA), 1875-1880, 1883.
    • Conservator (Chicago, Il), 1882 (Shelved under "Miscellaneous Negro Newspapers").
    • Free American (Columbus, OH), 1887.
    • Iowa Baptist Standard (Des Moines), 1897.
    • Knoxville Negro World (Knoxville), 1887.
    • Loyal Georgian (Augusta, GA), 1866-1868.
    • Midland Express (Boydton, VA), 1893.
    • Minneapolis Observer (Minneapolis, MN), 1890.
    • Mirror of the Times (San Francisco, CA), 1857.
    • National Baptist World (Wichita, KA), 1894.
    • Negro World (Knoxville, TN), 1891-1900.
    • New York Freeman (New York, NY), 1885.
    • Northern Star and Freemen's Advocate (Albany, NY), 1842-1843.
    • People's Friend (Wichita and Topeka, KA), 1894.
    • Portland New Age (Portland, OR), 1905-1907.
    • Progress (Omaha, NE), 1890-1891.
    • Race Standard (Baltimore, MD), 1897.
    • Ram's Horn (New York, NY), 1847.
    • South Carolina Leader (Charleston, SC), 1865.
    • Tennessee Star (Nashville, TN), 1887.
    • Twin City American (Minneapolis, MN), 1899.
    • Union (New Orleans, LA), 1862-1864.
    • Virginia Star (Richmond, VA), 1878-1882.
    • Weekly Avalanche (Des Moines, IO), 1893.
    • Weekly Loyal Georgian (Augusta, GA), 1867-1868.
    • Weekly Negro World (Knoxville, TN), 1887.
    • Weekly Review (New Albany, IN ), 1881.
    • Wichita Tribune (Wichita, KA), 1898.

  • Phylon (Carnegie Mellon users only)
    Full text: v. 21, 1960-ca. v. 49 1992.
    Continues:
    Phylon Quarterly (Carnegie Mellon users only)
    Full text: v. 18, 1957-v. 20, 1959.
    Continues:
    Phylon (Carnegie Mellon users only)
    Full text: v. 1, 1940-v. 17, 1956
    Founded by W. E. B. DuBois, the journal examined and reported on racial and cultural relations everywhere.

  • Pittsburgh Courier (Carnegie Mellon users only)
    1911-2002
    Search, browse and display the full text of the city editon of the Pittsburgh Courier and the New Pittsburgh Courier. The Pittsburgh Courier was "once the country's most widely circulated black newspaper with a national circulation of almost 200,000." Read more.
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African American History:
Primary Sources:
Yearbooks
  • Negro Year Book. Tuskegee Institute, Ala.: Negro Year Book Pub. Co, 1912-1952.
    HUNT REF-1 E185.5 .N3 1921-22, 1925-26, 1931-32, 1937-38.
    The Negro year book "provides a comprehensive and impartial view of the events affecting the Negro and the progress he is making throughout the world." It is "the standard work of reference on all matters relating to the Negro." 11 editions of this year book were published. Between the University of Pittsburgh's Hillman Library, Carnegie Public Library, and Carnegie Mellon's Hunt Library, all 11 editions are available in the Oakland Area.
      1912
      CARNEGIE LIBRARY OF PITTSBURGH, SOCIAL SCI CLOSED STACKS r 326 N21
      UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, HILLMAN LIBRARY-MICROFORMS (2nd FLOOR)
      1913
      UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, HILLMAN LIBRARY-MICROFORMS (2nd FLOOR) E102
      1914-15
      CARNEGIE LIBRARY OF PITTSBURGH, SOCIAL SCI CLOSED STACKS r 326 N21
      UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, HILLMAN LIBRARY-MICROFORMS (2nd FLOOR) E10
      1916-17
      CARNEGIE LIBRARY OF PITTSBURGH, SOCIAL SCI CLOSED STACKS r 326 N21
      UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, HILLMAN LIBRARY-MICROFORMS (2nd FLOOR) E102
      1918-19
      CARNEGIE LIBRARY OF PITTSBURGH, SOCIAL SCI CLOSED STACKS r 326 N21
      UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, HILLMAN LIBRARY-MICROFORMS (2nd FLOOR) E102
      1921-22
      HUNT REF-1 326 W92 1921-22
      CARNEGIE LIBRARY OF PITTSBURGH, SOCIAL SCI CLOSED STACKS r 326 N21
      UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, HILLMAN LIBRARY-AFRICAN-AMERICAN (1st FLOOR) E185.5 N39
      1925-26
      HUNT REF-1 E185.5 .N3 1925-26
      CARNEGIE LIBRARY OF PITTSBURGH, SOCIAL SCI CLOSED STACKS r 326 N21
      UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, HILLMAN LIBRARY-MICROFORMS (2nd FLOOR) E102
      1931-32
      HUNT REF-1E185.5 .N3 1931-32
      CARNEGIE LIBRARY OF PITTSBURGH, SOCIAL SCI CLOSED STACKS r 326 N21
      UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, HILLMAN LIBRARY-MICROFORMS (2nd FLOOR) E102
      1937-38
      HUNT REF-1 E185.5 .N3 1937-38
      CARNEGIE LIBRARY OF PITTSBURGH, SOCIAL SCI CLOSED STACKS r 326 N21
      UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, HILLMAN LIBRARY-MICROFORMS (2nd FLOOR) E102
      1941-46
      CARNEGIE LIBRARY OF PITTSBURGH, SOCIAL SCI CLOSED STACKS r 326 N21
      UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, HILLMAN LIBRARY-AFRICAN-AMERICAN (1st FLOOR) E185.5 N39
      1952
      CARNEGIE LIBRARY OF PITTSBURGH, SOCIAL SCI CLOSED STACKS r 326 N21
      UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, HILLMAN LIBRARY-AFRICAN-AMERICAN (1st FLOOR) E185.5 N39

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African American History

History


  April 2011 -- http://www.andrew.cmu.edu/user/sc24/History/aaprimary.html
  Sue Collins, Senior Librarian, sc24@andrew.cmu.edu