99-222
A Tale of Two Cities -- Analysis (9 units), Synthesis (9 units}, and Distance Learning. (9 units).

Primary instructor with participation from several colleges including Professors Joel Tarr, James Garrett, and Indira Nair. This is a series of three courses offered to students of all colleges of Carnegie Mellon University and students from another university (currently from Turkey and Mexico). The course is a multi disciplinary analysis and synthesis course considering situated problems such as bridges, urban areas, demographic patterns, industrial pollution, and so on. The purpose of the course is to indicate the richness of problem solving in situated contexts and demonstrate the significance of cross cultural interpretation of local problems.

99-102
Pattern and Design (9 units)

A university core course dealing with the interdisciplinary foundations of design. Co-taught with Professors Achenbaum, Bernstein, Midani, Newell, and Steinberg.

48-742
Design Process (6 units)

This is a graduate course introducing students to descriptive models of the design process in a variety of disciplines, including engineering, design, architecture, social science, and planning. After a review of seminal literature in the area, the course focuses on methods for developing design models, and computer aided design and design instruction systems. Assignments require students to critique present literature and conduct limited empirical studies investigating the design process.

48-734
Human Factors in Physical Design (9 units)

A required course in the Advanced Building Studies program dealing with sociological factors in design. Course included a review of the seminal works of the environmental psychology movement, such as Proshansky, Sanoff, Sommer, Esser, Hull.

48-711
Research Models and Methods in Architecture (6 units, subsequently raised to 9 units)

This course continues a long tradition, begun more than twenty years ago, of the introduction of incoming graduate students to research in architecture and to faculty in the department. It provides the first formal instruction of graduate students in structuring research questions following in the traditions of Western science; and in communicating their ideas in academic and professional terms.

48-510
Decision Making in Architecture (9 units)

A new version of 48-320 was designed for the 5th year students using the case study approach. Decision making and ethical issues in architectural design are illustrated and discussed in terms of significant building cases. Harvard Business School's case based instruction methods are adapted to the architectural domain. Nine formal case studies are used to deliver material in the class room. Theoretical material on architectural programming, building design, and building engineering is provided to support the case studies. Assignments require students to interpret these case studies as well as prepare new ones in groups.

48-501,502
Design Studio and Theory of Architecture (18 units + 9 units)

A required courses for first year of the first professional Masters Program; introducing the students to architectural design and theory. Co-taught with William Mitchell.

48-405
Architectural Design: System Integration. (18 units)

This studio focuses on systems integration. The purpose is to give students a positive experience in developing exciting design solutions with the full exploration of the role and impact of building systems in producing the architecture intended by the students. Collaboration by other fellow faculty and outside consultants is a key part of this course. In addition, computer assisted media are also an important part of this studio. A new initiative is the electronic design assistance tool (EDAT) was developed for Spring 1996 and used in subsequent years. This is a case-based design environment for integrating systems in design through examples of and improvements over past designs.

48-400
Architectural Design: Occupancy (18 units)

This studio focuses on user needs and their satisfaction through building design. The purpose is to give students a positive experience in developing design solutions that address building usability, building codes, and ADA. Collaboration by other fellow faculty and outside consultants is a key part of this course. In addition, computer assisted media are also an important part of this studio. A new initiative to be implemented in 2000 is a software system being developed at Carnegie Mellon University for the early stages of design, called SEED. The architectural programming module, SEED-Pro, will be used to employ seamless transition from programming to design and back, particularly during the early stages if architectural design.

48-345
Psychology of Design (9 units)

An elective course looking at the architectural design process as information processing. Successor to the Architectural Design Activities course (48-345*).

48-345*
Architectural Design Activities (9 units)

An elective course dealing with the architectural design process as information processing. Introduces the principles of cognitive science and investigates routine and creative design in terms of the cognitive mechanisms of designers.

48-320
Decision Making in Architecture (9 units)

Originally offered in 1989 under the title of "Rational Decision Making." Over the years there have been two major revisions of this course. Now, in addition to the change in its title, it is more of a "hands on," case-based course on cognitive tools of design decision making rather than a theoretical one about design process. Since its inception, the course has been supported by a text specifically developed for it.

48-300,301
Architectural Design (18 units)

A required courses dealing with a set of problems, including campus buildings, an arts and crafts center in Pittsburgh, housing in Egypt, and a conservatory.

48-300*
China, Summer Abroad Program (18 units + 9 units)

Directed and taught two courses in the summer abroad program of the Department, at the Yunnan Technical Institute, Kunming, Yunnan with the participation of 17 students form US, one US and several PRC faculty. Offered two courses as part of the regular Carnegie Mellon University curriculum on Chinese architecture and history. Program repeated in 1997 with 11 students. Co-taught both times with Henry Hanson.

48-140
Design Science Theory (9 units)

A course dealing with design decision making and design delivery processes; an introductory course in the Design Science Sequence established in 1982.

48-100,101
Introduction to Architecture (18 units, each)

Freshmen design studio for the Bachelors of Architecture program. Co-taught with William Durkee, Steve Smith, Steve Lee, Karen Markison, Henry Hanson, Mary Beth Barrett and Harry Levine.