Ethics in Research
Lynn Berard, Principal Librarian, Engineering & Science Library
October 2008

The act of appropriating the literary composition of another author, or excerpts, ideas, or passages therefrom, and passing the material off as one's own creation.
Help in avoiding Plagiarism

Words or ideas presented in a magazine, book, newspaper, song, TV program, movie, Web page, computer program, letter, advertisement, or any other medium
Information you gain through interviewing or conversing with another person, face to face, over the phone, or in writing
When you copy the exact words or a unique phrase
Reprinted with permission from The Writing Lab & The OWL at Purdue and Purdue University.

To Credit or Document…..
When you reprint any diagrams, illustrations, charts, pictures, or other visual materials
When you reuse or repost any electronically-available media, including images, audio, video, or other media
Bottom line, document any words, ideas, or other productions that originate somewhere outside of you.
Reprinted with permission from The Writing Lab & The OWL at Purdue and Purdue University.

Citations sites:
Endnote  (supplied by CMU for a fee; works with most databases from the library:
Free Sites:
Check “Journal Author” instructions for each publisher

Duplicate Publication/ Redundant Publication
Become informed about journals/publications important to your field and choose wisely when submitting a paper to only ONE publication.
If you are rejected, use the feedback from reviewers to improve your work, then send on to the NEXT publication.
For continuing study results, be sure to only publish NEW studies, even when built on original work.

READ Scale – CMU pilot study

READ Scale – National Study

National Academy of Engineering, Online Ethics Center
The Responsible Researcher: Paths and Pittfalls

Human/Animal Subjects
Office of Sponsored Research
CMU Research Handbook
CMU Institutional Review Board (IRB)
Research Guide for
Animal Alternatives and Welfare

Conflict of Interest
Center for Technology Transfer
Intellectual Property Policy:

National Academies Press
Scholarly Communication/Open Access
Directory of Open Access Journals