Let us return to Descartes Consider the implications of his dualism for explanation of human action. There are two realms, the mental and the physical and each has different kinds of explanation. The physical science explains the physical world And the mental is something else- there we explain via interpretation. Human actions caused by mental events, which are choices made with the soul. They are not caused by any prior physical events. Many recent commentators who do not accept Descartes' philosophy accept this basic way of thinking One argument for Descartes' view: Human beings are different from the rest of nature we know ourselves introspectively So: human action must take different explanation The Neapolitan philosopher Vico gave an early version of this claim We know human activities because we are human. To understand the human world is to understand ourselves.