Grade Distribution and the Veil of Ignorance (This example borrowed from Nozick) Students have to decide how to distribute grades, which are numerical grades The net sum is given by the teacher. . Suppose that there are 100 students, Each graded on scale 0-100 And that the sum of grades must be 8000 (= 100.80) Behind the veil, you have no reason to know you are unusually smart or dumb. So you would choose that everyone get the same grade, 80. That would be rational. But this is obviously counter-intuitive It is unfair. Fairness demands that each individual gets the grade earned. If you get a higher mark, because you work harder or just because you are smart (even: smart and lazy) you deserve that. We will discuss the implications of such an example for Rawls' argument.