Gallery -- Images for Lecture

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You are now in Gallery -- Part II

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1. The goddess Durga standing on a defeated bull-headed
demon.  Her six arms hold weapons lent to her by Shiva and Vishnu for
the battle (ca. 8th century)
2.  The Ka'aba in Mecca.
3.  Page from an eighth or ninth century Qur'an in Kufic script.
4.  Muslim conquests and domination of the Mediterranean to about 750 C.E.
5.  The ritual worship, or prayer.  The illustration shows the sequence of movement prescribed for the ritual prayers that each Muslim should perform five times a day.
6.  The Abbasid Empire, ca 900 C.E.
7.  A glazed ceramic bowl decorated with a gazelle or antelope, a symbolic figure of beauty and grace.  From North Africa, Tunisian area, 10th-12th centuries.
8.  The Byzantine Empire at the death of Justinian.
9.  The great church of Hagia Sophia.  This interior shot shows the great dome of the church.
10.  The great church of Hagia Sophia.  The four towering minarets were among the additions made by the Turkish Muslims after they conquered Constantinople in 1453 and transformed the building into a mosque.
11.  The Early Crusades.
12.  Medieval trade routes and regional products.
13.  A miniature painting of the Army of Tamerlane storming the walls of the Rajput city of Bhatnair in the year 1398.
14.  The Gur-i-mir, the tomb of Timur in Samarkand.
15.  Building the castle of Khawarnaq, ca 1494.
16.  Islamic political sovereignty in 1500.
17.  The Indian Subcontinent, 1000-1500.
18.  South Indian bronze figure of Krishna dancing on the head of the serpent Kaliya, ca fifteenth century.
19.  A painting from the Persian manuscript Shah-namah, the Iranian national epic by the poet Firdausi(c.940-1020).
20.  Sixteenth century Islamic empires.
21.  The oldest known Ottoman illustration of the great city of Istanbul, by the Ottoman painter Matrakci Nasuh (c.1537).
22.  Suleyman the Lawgiver (r. 1520-1566), giving advice to the Crown Prince, Mehmed Khan.
23.  The Suleyman mosque, named after its founder, Suleyman the Lawgiver, is one of the finest mosques in Istanbul.
24.  An Ottoman portrayal of the Devshirme.  This miniature painting from about 1558 depicts the recruiting of young Christian children for the Sultan's elite Janissary corps.
25.  Worldly and Spiritual Drunkenness.  This painting by the great sixteenth century Iranian court painter, Sultan Muhammed, is from an illustrated copy of the Diwan.
26.  Jahangir showing preference to the Chishti Sufi shaykh and saint, Husain, over three temporal rulers:  the Ottoman emporer, the King of England, and a Hindu prince.
27.  The Taj Mahal.  Probably the most beautiful tomb in the world, the Taj was built from 1631 to 1653 by Shah Jahan for his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal.
28.  The great central square of the Registan, in Samarkand, with the seventeenth-century Shir Dar Madrasa on the right and the fifteenth-century Ulugh Beg madrasa on the left.
29.  The Home of Judaism, 323 B.C.E.--500 C.E.  After the conquest of much of the eastern Mediterranean world by Syrus the Great, creator of the Persian Empire, the Jews returned from their exile in Babylon (after 539 B.C.E.) to the region of Judah, which would later be known to the Greeks and Romans as Palestine.  Over the next centuries, the Temple in Jerusalem would be rebuilt (the Second Temple) and the religion of Judaism formed around it.
30.  The Growing Christian Realm, 29-c. 500 C.E.:  When Jesus was crucified, the "church" or assembley of followers, was resident in Jerusalem.  Among their enemies was the rabbinical student Saul or (to use his Greek name) Paul.  Following his experience of conversion on the road to Damascus, Paul bacame a promoter of the new beliefs.  In Antioch, hos converts first became known as "Christians."
31.  Christians and the Lions.
32.  Developing Religious Groups.
33.  Basilica of Santa Sophia.
34.  Byzantium and Islam, 500-1400.
35.  Africa and Asia:  Pathways of Trade, to 1000.
36.  International trade routes in Gupta and Sassanid times.
37.  Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem:  mosaic spandrel inside octagonal arcade, from the late 7th century.
38.  Manuscript illumination:  Rabbula Gospel Miniature.  Manuscript completed on February 6, 586, by the calligrapher Rabbula working in  a monastary north of Syrian Apamea.
39.  Christ Pantocrator holding a jeweled Gospel book.  A 6th century icon.
40.  Women's jewelry from the treasure of Domagnano (Republic of San Marino) dating to the5th or early 6th century.  Hairpin with chain, earring, ring, and pendants from a necklace.
41.  Detail of 42.
42.  Large plate in silver from the Treasure of Sevso, whose name appears in the Latin verses inscribed around a central medallion that depicts hunting scens with an al fresco banquet alongside a stream or lake.  Of unknown provenance and dating probably to the second half of the 4th century. 
43.  "The Holy City".  Mosaic from the church of St. Stephen, Umm ar-rasas (ancient Mefaa) in Jordan.
44.   Iconoclastic removal of human figures.  The inscription is dated to the 8th century by a reference in the last line to the era of the defunct Roman province of Arabia.  Mosaic from the church of St. Stephen, Umm ar-rasas (ancient Mefaa) in Jordan.
45.  Germanic gold bracteate pendant from the late 5th to early 6th century.  The design imitates an "Urbs Roma" coin, with the head of Roma above a wolf suckling Romulus and Remus.
46.  Mosaic with a wolf suckling Romulus and Remus at Ma'arrat al-Nu'man, Syria, with inscription showing that the mosaic came from a hospital built in 511.
47.  Panel of an ivory diptych:  "The Emporer Triumphant."  Late 5th to early 6th century, Constantinople.
48.  The court of the Empress Theodora:  wall mosaic in S. Vitale, Ravenna.
49.  Sassanian "Cup of Khosro" in the Treasury of St. Denis.
50.  Mosaics at Ma'arrat al-Nu'man, Syria.  Heracles standing before Zeus; 3rd or 4th century.
51.  Mosaics at Ma'arrat al-Nu'man, Syria.  Section of a floor mosaic dating to the early 6th century.
52.  Mausoleum of Galla Placida, Ravenna:  mosaic depicting the martyrdom of St. Lawrence.  Early 5th century.