For Your Information

This section of the web site offers readings, images, and maps that can help students to further understand course assignments, but which are not required reading. In other words, the readings on this page are for your Information (FYI). Links from the five sections of the course come here, and are marked thus: Optional (FYI) Reading.

 Readings from April 25

Heads of State

The Ex-King of Delhi, Bahadur Shah Zafar
Queen Victoria

Quaid-e-Azam, Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948)
Founder of Pakistan.
Patrice Lumumba
First Prime Minister of the Congo (Zaire) 1960.
 Overthrown by Mobutu Sese Seko and 
Joseph Kasavubu 1960.
 Assassinated 1961.
Arab Nationalist and Egyptian President
Gamal Abdel-Nasser
  Leader of the Indonesian independence movement and Indonesia's first president Achmed Sukarno (1901-1970) with American President John Fitzgerald Kennedy